Jump to content

Archived

This topic is now archived and is closed to further replies.

Gaoshan

A (not so simple) gradebook question

Recommended Posts

Hi all, my problem is this:
I want to be able to list students and then list their grades for each assignment after them (in a traditional gradebook pattern).
I only want the students listed once and some students will not yet have been graded on all assignments. Also, not all assignments will have been created. I suppose I could do the work in PHP but it seems this MUST be doable in SQL. Any help is greatly appreciated (I'm a teacher, BTW)

I can get a list that restricts the students by student id and lists their first assignment but my problem is getting second, third, etc. assignments to go after that (it is easy to get them to appear UNDER that but then it lists the student's name again). I would assume the main issue here is how to extract the different assignment numbers from the single column that they share.  ???

>:( What I get:
[table]
[tr][td]John[/td][td]9[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]Mary[/td][td]7[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]Ann[/td][td]8[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]John[/td][td]5[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]Mary[/td][td]4[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]Ann[/td][td]9[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]John[/td][td]6[/td][/tr]
[/table]

;D What I want:
[table]
[tr][td]John[/td][td]9[/td][td]5[/td][td]6[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]Mary[/td][td]7[/td][td]4[/td][td]-[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]Ann[/td][td]8[/td][td]9[/td][td]-[/td][/tr]
[/table]

Here is an overview of the database as it stands now:

-- Table structure for table `assignmentdata`
--

TABLE `assignmentdata` (
  `id` smallint(6) NOT NULL auto_increment,
  `assignmentnum` tinyint(20) NOT NULL,
  `assignmentname` varchar(100) NOT NULL,
  `maxgradepoints` tinyint(100) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY  (`id`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1;

-- --------------------------------------------------------

--
-- Table structure for table `grades`
--

TABLE `grades` (
  `id` smallint(6) NOT NULL auto_increment,
  `studentid` smallint(6) NOT NULL,
  `assignmentid` smallint(6) NOT NULL,
  `earned` decimal(3,1) NOT NULL,
  `comment` text NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY  (`id`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1 ;

-- --------------------------------------------------------

--
-- Table structure for table `studentdata`
--

TABLE `studentdata` (
  `id` smallint(6) NOT NULL auto_increment,
  `studentid` smallint(6) NOT NULL,
  `firstname` varchar(30) NOT NULL,
  `lastname` varchar(30) NOT NULL,
  `attendance` varchar(10) NOT NULL,
  PRIMARY KEY  (`id`)
) ENGINE=MyISAM DEFAULT CHARSET=latin1;

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Well, depending on the output, you could probably cheat with a GROUP_CONCAT().

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
OK. I was not familiar with GROUP_CONCAT. I used the following query:

[code]SELECT s.firstname, GROUP_CONCAT( g.earned ) AS grouped
FROM studentdata s, grades g, assignmentdata a
WHERE g.assignmentid = a.assignmentnum
AND s.studentid = g.studentid
GROUP BY s.studentid[/code]
and got:

[table]
[tr][td]Jim[/td][td]9,9.1[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]Mary[/td][td]8[/td][/tr]
[tr][td]Ann[/td][td]6[/td][/tr]
[/table]

Which is better than I had been able to get before. I'll play with that and see if it solves the problem. Thanks for the tip!

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
You can have an ORDER BY in your GROUP_CONCAT() as well, and choose the separator.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Yes. I figured I could use the default comma separator and then use explode in PHP to get the various values. I just wish I knew how to do everything with one SQL statement here rather than resort to doing part of it in PHP.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
Well, you can use a space, and an IFNULL() statement to replace NULLs with '-' as desired.

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites
My solution to this problem was as follows:
First the sql:
[code]$mysqldb->query("SELECT s.firstname, COUNT(DISTINCT g.assignmentid) AS totalstu, GROUP_CONCAT( g.earned ) AS grouped
FROM studentdata s, grades g, assignmentdata a
WHERE g.assignmentid = a.assignmentnum
AND s.studentid = g.studentid
GROUP BY s.studentid");[/code]
And now the PHP to loop through the results and put what I want where I want it:
[code]
while ($row = $mysqldb->fetchObject()) {
echo '<tr><td>' . $row->firstname . '</td>';
for ($i = 0; $i < $row->totalstu; $i++){
$bustedout = explode(',', $row->grouped);
echo '<td>' . $bustedout[$i] . '</td>';
}
echo '</tr>';
}[/code]

Thanks to fenway for pointing out the piece of the puzzle that I was missing... GROUP_CONCAT

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

×

Important Information

We have placed cookies on your device to help make this website better. You can adjust your cookie settings, otherwise we'll assume you're okay to continue.