Jump to content
Sign in to follow this  
dil_bert

OSM Overpass API with PHP SimpleXML :: minor changes to the parser

Recommended Posts

new to the work with PHPSimpleXML

I want to filter the data to get the nodes with special category. Here is sample of the OSM data I want to get the whole schools within an area. The first script runs well - but now i want to refine the search and add more tags. Finally i want to store all into the MySQL-db


So we need to make some XML parsing with PHP:

The following is a little OSM Overpass API example with PHP SimpleXML
I've compiled it because I love OSM, so let's show some useful examples.
The first part shows how we can query an Overpass Endpoint with standard PHP.
we do not need that part if  we have already saved the data on the harddisk.
 

    <?php
    /**
     * OSM Overpass API with PHP SimpleXML / XPath
     *
     * PHP Version: 5.4 - Can be back-ported to 5.3 by using 5.3 Array-Syntax (not PHP 5.4's square brackets)
     */
    
    
    //
    // 1.) Query an OSM Overpass API Endpoint
    //
    
    $query = 'node
      ["amenity"~".*"]
      (38.415938460513274,16.06338500976562,39.52205163048525,17.51220703125);
    out;';
    
    $context = stream_context_create(['http' => [
        'method'  => 'POST',
        'header' => ['Content-Type: application/x-www-form-urlencoded'],
        'content' => 'data=' . urlencode($query),
    ]]);
    
    # please do not stress this service, this example is for demonstration purposes only.
    $endpoint = 'http://overpass-api.de/api/interpreter';
    libxml_set_streams_context($context);
    $start = microtime(true);
    
    $result = simplexml_load_file($endpoint);
    printf("Query returned %2\$d node(s) and took %1\$.5f seconds.\n\n", microtime(true) - $start, count($result->node));
    
    //
    // 2.) Work with the XML Result
    //
    
    # get all school nodes with xpath
    $xpath = '//node[tag[@k = "amenity" and @v = "school"]]';
    $schools = $result->xpath($xpath);
    printf("%d School(s) found:\n", count($schools));
    foreach ($schools as $index => $school)
    {
        # Get the name of the school (if any), again with xpath
        list($name) = $school->xpath('tag[@k = "name"]/@v') + ['(unnamed)'];
        printf("#%02d: ID:%' -10s  [%s,%s]  %s\n", $index, $school['id'], $school['lat'], $school['lon'], $name);
    }
    
    ?>

For you the second part is more interesting. That is querying the XML data you have already. This is most easily done with xpath, the used PHP XML library is based on libxml which supports XPath 1.0 which covers the various querying needs very well.
The following example lists all schools and tries to obtain their names as well. I have not covered translations yet because my sample data didn't have those, but you can also look for all kind of names including translations and just prefer a specific one):


The key point here are the xpath queries. Two are used, the first one to get the nodes that have certain tags. I think this is the most interesting one for you:

    //node[tag[@k = "amenity" and @v = "school"]]

This line says: Give me all node elements that have a tag element inside which has the k attribute value "amenity" and the v attribute

value "school". This is the condition you have to filter out those nodes that are tagged with amenity school.
Further on xpath is used again, now relative to those school nodes to see if there is a name and if so to fetch it:

    tag[@k = "name"]/@v'

This line says: Relative to the current node, give me the v attribute from a tag element that as the k attribute value "name". As you can see, some parts are again similar to the line before. I think you can both adopt them to your needs.
Because not all school nodes have a name, a default string is provided for display purposes by adding it to the (then empty) result array:

    list($name) = $school->xpath('tag[@k = "name"]/@v') + ['(unnamed)'];
                                                        ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
                                                    Provide Default Value



so far so good: **note**. i need to have the adress-data, of the school with
   
cf Key:addr - OpenStreetMap Wiki

and even more important

cf Key:contact - OpenStreetMap Wiki


btw. here my results for that code-example:


    martin@linux-70ce:~/php>
    martin@linux-70ce:~/php> php osm1.php
    Query returned 1691 node(s) and took 3.34569 seconds.
    
    23 School(s) found:
    #00: ID:332534486   [39.5017565,16.2721899]  Scuola Primaria
    #01: ID:1428094278  [39.3320912,16.1862820]  (unnamed)
    #02: ID:1822746784  [38.9075566,16.5776597]  (unnamed)
    #03: ID:1822755951  [38.9120272,16.5713431]  (unnamed)
    #04: ID:1903859699  [38.6830409,16.5522243]  Liceo Scientifico Statale A. Guarasci
    #05: ID:2002566438  [39.1349460,16.0736446]  (unnamed)
    #06: ID:2056891127  [39.4106679,16.8254844]  (unnamed)
    #07: ID:2056892999  [39.4124687,16.8286119]  (unnamed)
    #08: ID:2272010226  [39.4481717,16.2894353]  SCUOLA DELL'INFANZIA SAN FRANCESCO
    #09: ID:2272017152  [39.4502366,16.2807664]  Scuola Media
    #10: ID:2358307794  [39.5015031,16.3905965]  I.I.S.S. Liceo Statale V. Iulia
    #11: ID:2358307796  [39.4926280,16.3853662]  Liceo Classico
    #12: ID:2358307797  [39.4973761,16.3858275]  Scuola Media
    #13: ID:2358307800  [39.5015527,16.3941156]  I.T.C. e per Geometri
    #14: ID:2358307801  [39.4983862,16.3807796]  Istituto Professionale
    #15: ID:2358344885  [39.4854617,16.3832419]  Istituto Tecnico Statale Commerciale G. Falcone
    #16: ID:2448031004  [38.6438417,16.3873106]  (unnamed)
    #17: ID:2458139204  [39.0803263,17.1291649]  Sacro Cuore
    #18: ID:2552412313  [39.0765212,17.1224610]  (unnamed)
    #19: ID:2582443083  [39.0815417,17.1178983]  Liceo Socio Biologico Gravina
    #20: ID:2585754364  [38.8878393,16.4076323]  Scuola Elementare
    #21: ID:2585754366  [38.8877600,16.4076216]  Scuola Media
    #22: ID:2755576944  [39.3641541,17.1310900]  (unnamed)
    martin@linux-70ce:~/php>

 

 

note. i need to have the adress-data, of the shool with
 
and even more important Key:contact - OpenStreetMap Wiki



How to add this .. into the query ?

and how to finally store all into the MySQL-db ?
 

Share this post


Link to post
Share on other sites

Join the conversation

You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account.

Guest
Reply to this topic...

×   Pasted as rich text.   Restore formatting

  Only 75 emoji are allowed.

×   Your link has been automatically embedded.   Display as a link instead

×   Your previous content has been restored.   Clear editor

×   You cannot paste images directly. Upload or insert images from URL.

Sign in to follow this  

×
×
  • Create New...

Important Information

We have placed cookies on your device to help make this website better. You can adjust your cookie settings, otherwise we'll assume you're okay to continue.