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Protecting class/include files


criostage
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I been wondering how to protect all the files that contain classes, functions and forms in php to prevent direct access to something that the user shouldnt be able to without the proper check's (typing http://server/inc/login.php insteand of http://server/), and i came to this small idea of checking if an object is set or not but i m wondering if this is really the best idea here's what i have (the case bellow will protect an login form to be accessed directly):

 

<?php
    if(!isset($mysqlobj)) die();
    if( isset( $_POST['username'] ) && isset( $_POST['password'] ) ){
        $login = authentication::login( $_POST['username'], $_POST['password'] );
        if( $login == true ){
            header( 'location:?go=home' );
        }else{
            $_SESSION['message'] = 'loginfailed';
            header( 'location:?go=login' );
        }
    }else{
      if( !empty($_SESSION['logged'] ) && $_SESSION['logged'] == true ){
          header( 'location:?go=home' );
      }else{
          ?>
            <div id="loginform">
                <form action="?go=login" method="post">
                    <table align="center">
                        <tr>
                            <td><font size="2">Username</font></td>
                            <td><input type="text" name="username" /></td>
                        </tr>
                        <tr>
                            <td><font size="2">Password</font></td>
                            <td><input type="password" name="password" /></td>
                        </tr>
                        <tr>
                            <td colspan="2" align="center"><input type="submit" value="Login" /></td>
                        </tr>
                    </table>
                </form>
                </div>               
          <?php
      }   
    }
?>

 

Just looking for an "best practice" i tried google for it but i couldnt get to an straight awnser any enlightment is appreciated.

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You can place them outside the web root and you can include a check at the beginning of each file that dies if the URL points to that file directly.

 

Note, however, that if someone navigates directly to your class file nothing will happen.  The class will be parsed and they'll see a white screen.

 

-Dan

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