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Showing content with the highest reputation since 09/19/2019 in Posts

  1. 3 points
    I enjoy the challenge when someone posts a problem I can get my teeth into.
  2. 3 points
    People still use StackOverflow? That's only half a joke. Their community has always been toxic to newcomers and there's so much emphasis on correctness that anything less than perfect is unacceptable. And there's the hostility towards any form of discussion about what is right that I always mention when this subject comes up. SO is good when you're looking for a precise answer to a specific question, but it's terrible for actually asking the questions, or trying to weigh in as a new person with different answers. But I am glad they dethroned Expert Sex Change in search results. edit: If Your Common Sense/shrapnelcol came across this thread and decided they wanted to join our forum...
  3. 3 points
    A few notes about text bounding boxes which, I hope, will help in precise placement of your text. Suppose I have the text string "The lazy fox" which I want to display using 150pt Vivaldi . My image is 4896 x 3672 and I want the text placed at the bottom right but 250 pixels from the edges of the image. $box = imagettfbbox(150,0,'c:/windows/fonts/vivaldii.ttf','The lazy fox'); gives this array of coordinates of the four corners $box = Array ( [0] => 23 [1] => 55 [2] => 871 [3] => 55 [4] => 871 [5] => -140 [6] => 23 [7] => -140 ) You may wonder why it can't just give a rectangle from (0,0) to (width, height) to make sizing simple, but there is extra information to be extracted from the array Text width = (871 - 23) = 848 Text height = 55 - (-140) = 195 The baseline will be 140px from the top The text is offset 23 px to the right. My text, therefore, will be in a rectangle 848 x 195 positioned 250 px from right and bottom edges. The top left x coord of the rectangle will be (4896 - 250 - 848) = 3798 and top left y coord will be (3672 - 250 - 195) = 3227. However, to land the text precisely into this area we position it on the baseline and at the required x offset, ie (3798 - 23 , 3227 + 140) = (3775, 3367). I use a simple custom function to assist with this process function metrics($font, $fsize, $str) { $box = imagettfbbox($fsize, 0, $font, $str); $ht = abs($box[5] - $box[1]); $wd = abs($box[4] - $box[0]); $base = -$box[5]; $tx = -$box[0]; return [ 'width' => $wd, 'height' => $ht, 'ascent' => $base, 'offsetx' => $tx ]; } $box = metrics ('c:/windows/fonts/vivaldii.ttf', 150, 'The lazy fox'); $box = Array ( [width] => 848 [height] => 195 [ascent] => 140 [offsetx] => -23 )
  4. 3 points
    Don't use $GLOBALS. Forget it exists. There is never a good reason to use it. Pretend you never saw it.
  5. 3 points
    +----------------+ +----------------+ | Make sure to |---+ +------->| (e.g. Courier) | +----------------+ | | +----------------+ | | | | +----------+ | | +->| use a |---+ | | +----------------+ +----------+ | | +------->| and use spaces | | | +----------------+ | +----------------+ | | +--->| monospace font |-----+ | +----------------+ | +----------+ | | not tabs |<----------+ +----------+ | +--------------------------------------------------------------------------+ | V +---------------+ | It also helps | +---------------+ | | | +-------------------+ +-------------------+ +------------------------>| if you sometimes |---------------------->| switch between | +-------------------+ +-------------------+ | | +-----------------+-----------------+ | | | | +-------------------+ +-------------------+ | overtype | | insert | +-------------------+ +-------------------+ | | | | | +----------+ | +----------=>| modes |<----------+ +----------+
  6. 2 points
    Short answer: it's safe. Longer answer: it's as safe as any other PHP file on your server. It's a common practice to put this script, or at least a script that defines variables/constants with database credentials, in a PHP file that is not located inside the web root (eg, outside of your public_html or www or whatever directory that your site is based in) because if it's not an actual page then it really shouldn't be in the root; this practice is easy to achieve when you get larger sites that have a single public_html/index.php that runs an "application" or some similar concept whose files are all outside the root.
  7. 2 points
    1 and 2 would presumably be input from the web page. The rest would be something like: for ($m=1; $m<=$M; $m++) { for ($l=1; $l<=$L; $l++) { for ($j=1; $j<=$N; $j++) { #do calculation here storing it in a 2D array } # select minimum here (perhaps min() function) } } # use array sort # use PHP vector class # compute distance from vectors # echo results in desired format
  8. 2 points
    You are missing the step to prepare the query before binding the parameters. I would strongly advise you use PDO rather than mysqli - much simpler.
  9. 2 points
    If it helps, note that that a <button> element can have a value attribute independent of its label <?php $option = $_GET['option'] ?? ''; if ($option) echo "You chose $option<hr>"; ?> <!DOCTYPE html> <html lang="en"> <head> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"> <title>Sample</title> </head> <body> <form> Select an option <button name="option" value="1">Choose me</button> <button name="option" value="2">Choose me</button> <button name="option" value="3">No, Choose me</button> <button name="option" value="4">No, Choose me</button> <button name="option" value="5">No, Choose me</button> </form> </body> </html>
  10. 2 points
    try $temp = []; foreach ($cars as $car) { $qty = intval($car); $key = trim(strstr($car, ','), ','); if (!isset($temp[$key])) $temp[$key] = 0; $temp[$key] += $qty; } foreach ($temp as $k => $t) { $newcars[] = "$t,$k"; }
  11. 2 points
    code that unconditionally (always) outputs the raw database statement errors for the connection, query, prepare, and execute statements, only helps hackers when they intentionally trigger errors, since these errors contain things like the database hostname/ip address, database username, if a password is being used or not, part of the sql syntax, and web server path information. the only time you should output the raw database statement errors is when learning, developing, or debugging code/query(ies) and you are viewing the site as the developer/programmer. at all other times, you should log these errors. the simple way of doing this is to use exceptions for errors and in most cases let php catch and handle the exception, where php will use its error related settings to control what happens with the actual error information (database statement errors will 'automatically' get displayed/logged the same as php errors.) you would then remove any discrete error handling logic, since it doesn't add any value for a legitimate visitor to your site, and it will no longer get executed when there is an error (execution transfers to the nearest exception handler for the type of exception or to php if there is none.) the line that Barand posted enables exceptions for errors for the mysqli extension.
  12. 2 points
    I created an extra table to define which category the values were in mysql> select * from catval; +-----+------+ | val | cat | +-----+------+ | 1 | 4 | | 2 | 4 | | 3 | 4 | | 4 | 4 | | 5 | 3 | | 6 | 3 | | 7 | 2 | | 8 | 2 | | 9 | 1 | | 10 | 1 | +-----+------+ then $sql = "SELECT a.cat as cata , b.cat as catb FROM datatb d JOIN catval a ON d.grpa = a.val JOIN catval b ON d.grpb = b.val "; $result = $db->query($sql); //categories $cat = [ 4 => ['name'=>'1:4', 'recs'=>[]], 3 => ['name'=>'5:6', 'recs'=>[]], 2 => ['name'=>'7:8', 'recs'=>[]], 1 => ['name'=>'9:10','recs'=>[]] ]; $n = 0; while ($row = $result->fetch_assoc()) { $cat[$row['cata']]['recs'][$n][] = $row['cata']; $cat[$row['catb']]['recs'][$n][] = $row['catb']; $n++; } // the output echo "<table border='1' style='width:500px; border-collapse:collapse;'>"; foreach ($cat as $c) { echo "<tr><th>{$c['name']}</th>"; for ($i=0; $i<$n; $i++) { echo '<td style="text-align:center;">' . (isset($c['recs'][$i]) ? join(',', $c['recs'][$i]) : '&ndash;') . "</td>"; } echo "</tr>\n"; } echo "</table>\n";
  13. 2 points
    You could roll your own. function twoColorCircle($a, $b, $sz) { $out = "<svg width='$sz' height='$sz' viewBox='0 0 1000 1000'> <linearGradient id='grad2' x1='0' y1='0' x2='1' y2='0'> <stop offset='0%' style='stop-color:$a'/> <stop offset='50%' style='stop-color:$a'/> <stop offset='50%' style='stop-color:$b'/> <stop offset='100%' style='stop-color:$b'/> </linearGradient> "; $c = 500; $r = 499; $out .= "<circle cx='$c' cy='$c' r='$r' fill='url(#grad2)' stroke='#000' /> </svg>"; return $out; } foreach ([16,32,64,128,256] as $sz) echo twoColorCircle('#5fc75d' , '#f19e2d' , $sz); echo '<br>'; foreach (['16em','8em','4em','2em','1em'] as $sz) echo twoColorCircle('#5fc75d' , '#f19e2d' , $sz);
  14. 2 points
    Use $diff->days. $dt1 = new DateTime('2020-05-01'); $diff = $dt1->diff(new DateTime())->d; //--> 14; $diff = $dt1->diff(new DateTime())->days; //--> 44; ->d gives the days as in "1 month 14 days" ->days gives the total days Using SQL: select datediff(curdate(), '2020-05-01') as days; +------+ | days | +------+ | 44 | +------+
  15. 2 points
    foreach ($global_array as $k => $v) { foreach ($global_array as $k1 => $v1) { if ($k==$k1) continue; if (array_values(array_intersect($v, $v1)) == array_values($v1)) { unset($global_array[$k1]); } } }
  16. 2 points
    $q = 'SELECT ID FROM table'; That is a SQL query. You have to run that query through your database, receive the results, and then look for each single matching image in the directory for every returned record. You can probably skip looking in the directory, though. It will only tell you if the file exists. So if you already know (or assume) the file exists then you don't need to bother looking.
  17. 2 points
    Don't worry about the IBD file. MySQL knows how to manage itself, you don't need to go second guessing it because of what you think you saw in Notepad. The question you think you're asking is whether to use an UPDATE or a DELETE+INSERT, but the question you're actually asking is how you should manage uploaded files that can be replaced. The answer to that is... well, it depends. There are two basic options: 1. Forget the previously uploaded file. You don't care about it. Take the new file and stick it wherever you want, update the database, and delete the old file. Gotta delete. Because if you forget about the old file then there's not much of a point to keeping the file itself around too. 2. Keep track of the previous file. You'd probably want a table that holds all the information for past and future uploads, and that's where you track them. For using those files, instead of storing the file information in whatever place, you reference the file in your upload information table. New image, new information row, and you update whatever place was affected. This lets you keep a history of everything, which probably isn't important for stuff like user avatars but is frighteningly important for stuff like monetary transactions. "Okay, I've decided that I want to do <whichever option>. But what about my literal question? Should I update or delete and insert?" Time to learn about an important concept in computing that disappointingly few programmers ever end up learning: atomicity. That's the noun version of "atomic", which means (in this case) that whatever operation you need to do can't be interrupted or broken in half or appear to anyone else as being anything less than one single action. Atomicity is important for stuff like files and databases because you basically never want to look at a file or data in the middle of some important operation. Imagine your site is popular. Really popular. Facebook or Twitter popular. Constant traffic to your servers. Now imagine a user uploads a new image. When the code is ready, it needs to go off into the database to make whatever changes it needs to make so the user has the new image. Say you go with DELETE and INSERT. Your code runs one query that DELETEs whatever, then another query that INSERTs. Sounds fine. Except remember how your site is always busy? It's quite possible someone was looking at your site at the moment in between those two queries. Since the DELETE has happened but not yet the INSERT, your code isn't going to find whatever data it needed to find and the user is going to get a bad experience. If that user was a CEO for a huge company that wanted to buy you out for lots of money, they might not do that now. A DELETE and INSERT is not atomic because there was that point in between the two queries. It was not "one single action". Instead you go with UPDATE. The database does whatever it does, but the clever people who wrote the software for it already knew about stuff like atomicity. And they made their system guarantee that UPDATEs are atomic. One single action. If you do an UPDATE when that rich CEO looks at your site, the database has guaranteed to you that either (a) the CEO will see the old data because the update hasn't happened yet, or (b) they'll see the new data because the update has happened. There is no moment in between old and new for stuff to be broken.
  18. 2 points
    Unlikely Quotes need removing... $query = "UPDATE `greencard` SET `comments`= '$comments', 'sent' = '$sent' WHERE `hospitalnumber`= '$hospitalnumber' and `PIN`= '$PIN'"; ^ ^ and it's easier just to use ... sent = NOW() WHERE ...
  19. 2 points
    Defining a value in the parameter list makes that parameter optional. If it's not provided when the function is called, the it takes on the value assigned to it. Your specific example doesn't really make use of the feature effectively. Take something like this for example though: function findFiles($directory, $includeHidden = false){ $iter = new DirectoryIterator($directory); $list = []; foreach ($iter as $item){ if ($item->isFile()){ $isHidden = $item->getFilename()[0] === '.'; if ($includeHidden || !$isHidden){ $list[] = $item->getPathname(); } } } return $list; } That function requires at least one parameter when it's called, the directory to search. So you end up with the following options for calling it $files = findFiles('/home/kicken'); /* executes with $directory = '/home/kicken', $includeHidden = false */ $files = findFiles('/home/aoeex', true); /* executes with $directory = '/home/aoeex', $includeHidden = true */
  20. 2 points
    I just didn't see the table - the end of that first line was somewhere in my neighbour's living room.
  21. 2 points
    Your randomNr array contains 10 elements so foreach($randomNr as $number) will give 10 columns. You need to pick a random 6 numbers out of the 10. Separate the php code from the html. Use CSS for styling the output. Example <?php $randomNr = range(0,9); $bingokaart = display($randomNr); function display ($arr) { $result = ""; for ($row = 1; $row < 7; ++$row) { $rand6 = array_rand($arr, 6); $result .= '<tr>'; foreach ($rand6 as $n) { $result .= "<td>$row$arr[$n]</td>"; } $result .= "</tr>\n"; } return $result; } ?> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <title>Sample</title> <style type="text/css"> table { border-collapse: collapse; } td { padding: 2px; } </style> </head> <body> <table border='1'> <?= $bingokaart ?> </table> </body> </html>
  22. 2 points
    Why are you even attempting to store that duration. You can get it any time you need it with a query. Rule of DB design - don't store derived data. If you really insist on storing it, why do need two queries? UPDATE attendance_records SET duration = timediff(...) WHERE ... - a single update would do the job
  23. 2 points
    They aren't the same width because you don't have any sort of CSS in there that says anything about a width. It's not like the browser can read your mind about how you want it to appear... Have you tried giving the buttons a width?
  24. 2 points
    An alternative to the 2-table option is to treat costs as transactions, just like payments (cost amounts +ve, payment amounts -ve in this example)... DATA TABLE: payment +------+------+------------+--------------+---------+ | uid | name | trans_date | payment_type | payment | +------+------+------------+--------------+---------+ | 1 | kim | 2020-03-01 | cost | 100 | | 1 | kim | 2020-03-02 | card | -100 | | 2 | lee | 2020-03-01 | cost | 95 | | 2 | lee | 2020-03-02 | cash | -95 | | 3 | kent | 2020-03-01 | cost | 100 | | 3 | kent | 2020-03-03 | cash | -50 | | 3 | kent | 2020-03-04 | card | -50 | | 4 | iya | 2020-03-01 | cost | 80 | | 4 | iya | 2020-03-05 | cash | -40 | | 4 | iya | 2020-03-06 | card | -20 | +------+------+------------+--------------+---------+ then SELECT uid , name , date , cost , cash , card , total as balance FROM ( SELECT name , DATE_FORMAT(trans_date, '%b %D') as date , CASE payment_type WHEN 'cash' THEN -payment ELSE '-' END as cash , CASE payment_type WHEN 'card' THEN -payment ELSE '-' END as card , CASE payment_type WHEN 'cost' THEN payment ELSE '-' END as cost , @tot := CASE @previd WHEN uid THEN @tot+payment ELSE payment END as total , @previd := uid as uid FROM ( SELECT * FROM payment ORDER BY uid, trans_date ) sorted JOIN (SELECT @previd:=0, @tot:=0) initialize ) recs; +------+------+---------+------+------+------+---------+ | uid | name | date | cost | cash | card | balance | +------+------+---------+------+------+------+---------+ | 1 | kim | Mar 1st | 100 | - | - | 100 | | 1 | kim | Mar 2nd | - | - | 100 | 0 | | 2 | lee | Mar 1st | 95 | - | - | 95 | | 2 | lee | Mar 2nd | - | 95 | - | 0 | | 3 | kent | Mar 1st | 100 | - | - | 100 | | 3 | kent | Mar 3rd | - | 50 | - | 50 | | 3 | kent | Mar 4th | - | - | 50 | 0 | | 4 | iya | Mar 1st | 80 | - | - | 80 | | 4 | iya | Mar 5th | - | 40 | - | 40 | | 4 | iya | Mar 6th | - | - | 20 | 20 | +------+------+---------+------+------+------+---------+
  25. 2 points
    I totally agree with @requinix regarding the two tables. However, if you are willing to compromise over the output, you could do something like this SELECT uid , name , SUM(CASE payment_type WHEN 'cash' THEN payment ELSE 0 END) as cash , SUM(CASE payment_type WHEN 'card' THEN payment ELSE 0 END) as card , cost , cost-SUM(payment) as balance FROM payment GROUP BY uid +------+------+------+------+------+---------+ | uid | name | cash | card | cost | balance | +------+------+------+------+------+---------+ | 1 | kim | 0 | 100 | 100 | 0 | | 2 | lee | 95 | 0 | 95 | 0 | | 3 | kent | 50 | 50 | 100 | 0 | | 4 | iya | 40 | 20 | 80 | 20 | +------+------+------+------+------+---------+ If you really need every transaction listed, the SQL becomes quite complex involving user variables and subqueries. It would be much easier to do in the PHP as you output each row. [EDIT] ... For the sake of completeness SELECT uid , name , cash , card , cost , cost-total as balance FROM ( SELECT name , CASE payment_type WHEN 'cash' THEN payment ELSE 0 END as cash , CASE payment_type WHEN 'card' THEN payment ELSE 0 END as card , cost , @tot := CASE @previd WHEN uid THEN @tot + payment ELSE payment END as total , @previd := uid as uid FROM ( SELECT * FROM payment ORDER BY uid ) sorted JOIN (SELECT @previd:=0, @tot:=0) initialize ) recs; +------+------+------+------+------+---------+ | uid | name | cash | card | cost | balance | +------+------+------+------+------+---------+ | 1 | kim | 0 | 100 | 100 | 0 | | 2 | lee | 95 | 0 | 95 | 0 | | 3 | kent | 50 | 0 | 100 | 50 | | 3 | kent | 0 | 50 | 100 | 0 | | 4 | iya | 40 | 0 | 80 | 40 | | 4 | iya | 0 | 20 | 80 | 20 | +------+------+------+------+------+---------+
  26. 2 points
    Not sure I would call a registration and login system less complex than threads and posts, but I guess it depends... I suggest you take a look at MariaDB's knowledge base section on database theory.
  27. 2 points
    Don't do that. Not in the actual table at least. Some people recommend this stupidity to try and avoid name collisions in their queries (such as two tables have a Label column) but such issues can be easily handled using the table.column syntax in your query rather than cluttering up column names in the table. SELECT o.Label as o_label, s.Label as s_label FROM order o INNER JOIN status s ON s.Id=o.Status One of the applications I work on was original designed using a scheme like that where every column has a table specific prefix to it and it's super annoying (long names, broken autocomplete) for no real benefit. I've been slowly undoing that when I can and just giving the columns nice simple names. I'd also suggest just using the full table name in your constraint names rather than some alias. It makes things very clear when someone 6 months later needs to decipher things.
  28. 2 points
    the convention around here is "New question, new thread". That allows for short, direct answer to short, direct questions instead of long, rambling threads where all the "Goodness" gets lost. Some comments on the above: the use of "global" breaks encapsulation, requiring the environment "outside" the function to provide the variable. It is better to pass the data as an argument to the function. What value does admin['gender'] have? Any value passed that resolves to true will cause the ternary operator to return "Mr" and everything else will return "Mrs". The code makes no attempt to ensure that the array indexes used actually exist; this may or may not be an issue. What if the individual is female and not married? They might object to being called "Mrs". What if the individual is not gender-identifying? They would object most strongly to be referred to by either of the terms used here. Marital status and/or gender are both Personal Data and should be stored in the User's "record" (whatever form that takes) so that it can be managed by/on behalf of the User and changed over time. Regards, Phill W.
  29. 2 points
    Alternative model which allows multiple siblings jdev_nroll; jdev_sibling; +----+--------+---------+-------+-----------+------------+ +------------+----------+ | id | sname | ctclass | shift | ctstudent | dob | | sibling_id | elder_id | +----+--------+---------+-------+-----------+------------+ +------------+----------+ | 1 | Curly | 1 | 0 | N | 2007-01-20 | | 2 | 1 | | 2 | Larry | 1 | 0 | Y | 2010-12-21 | | 3 | 1 | | 3 | Mo | 1 | 0 | Y | 2011-02-22 | | 3 | 2 | | 4 | Peter | 1 | 0 | N | 2009-01-03 | | 4 | 5 | | 5 | Paul | 1 | 0 | N | 2006-12-21 | | 9 | 8 | | 6 | Mary | 1 | 0 | Y | 2010-09-20 | | 9 | 10 | | 7 | Jane | 1 | 0 | N | 2008-03-08 | | 10 | 8 | | 8 | John | 1 | 0 | N | 2006-10-04 | +------------+----------+ | 9 | George | 1 | 0 | Y | 2010-10-26 | | 10 | Ringo | 1 | 0 | Y | 2009-11-15 | +----+--------+---------+-------+-----------+------------+ SELECT a.id as sibling_id , a.sname as sibling_name , TIMESTAMPDIFF(YEAR,a.dob,curdate()) as sibling_age , a.ctclass as class , b.id as elder_id , b.sname as elder_name , TIMESTAMPDIFF(YEAR,b.dob,curdate()) as elder_age , b.ctstudent as elder_ctstudent FROM jdev_nroll a JOIN jdev_sibling s ON a.id = s.sibling_id JOIN jdev_nroll b ON s.elder_id = b.id WHERE a.ctstudent = 'Y' ORDER BY a.id +------------+--------------+-------------+-------+----------+------------+-----------+-----------------+ | sibling_id | sibling_name | sibling_age | class | elder_id | elder_name | elder_age | elder_ctstudent | +------------+--------------+-------------+-------+----------+------------+-----------+-----------------+ | 2 | Larry | 9 | 1 | 1 | Curly | 13 | N | | 3 | Mo | 8 | 1 | 1 | Curly | 13 | N | | 3 | Mo | 8 | 1 | 2 | Larry | 9 | Y | | 9 | George | 9 | 1 | 8 | John | 13 | N | | 9 | George | 9 | 1 | 10 | Ringo | 10 | Y | | 10 | Ringo | 10 | 1 | 8 | John | 13 | N | +------------+--------------+-------------+-------+----------+------------+-----------+-----------------+
  30. 2 points
    For example, https://www.php.net/manual/en/datetime.createfromformat.php https://www.php.net/manual/en/datetime.format.php
  31. 2 points
    Christmas has come early! <?php const IMGDIR = 'images/'; const THUMBDIR = 'thumbs/'; const THUMBSIZE = 150; // max thumbnail dimension const NUM = 100; // number of images to be processed on each run $images = glob(IMGDIR.'{*.png,*.jpg}', GLOB_BRACE); $thumbs = glob(THUMBDIR.'{*.png,*.jpg}', GLOB_BRACE); // reduce to basenames only $images = array_map('basename', $images); $thumbs = array_map('basename', $thumbs); // copy the next NUM images to $todo list where thumbnails do not yet exist $todo = array_slice(array_diff($images, $thumbs), 0, NUM); $output = ''; foreach ($todo as $fn) { $sz = getimagesize(IMGDIR.$fn); if ($sz[0] == 0) continue; // not an image $ok = 0; $out = null; switch ($sz['mime']) { // check the mime types case 'image/jpeg': $im = imagecreatefromjpeg(IMGDIR.$fn); $ok = $im; $out = 'imagejpeg'; break; case 'image/png': $im = imagecreatefrompng(IMGDIR.$fn); $ok = $im; $out = 'imagepng'; break; default: $ok = 0; } if (!$ok) continue; // not png or jpg // calculate thumbnail dimensions if ($sz[0] >= $sz[1]) { // landscape $w = THUMBSIZE; $h = THUMBSIZE * $sz[1]/$sz[0]; } else { // portrait $h = THUMBSIZE; $w = THUMBSIZE * $sz[0]/$sz[1]; } // copy and resize the image $tim = imagecreatetruecolor(THUMBSIZE, THUMBSIZE); $bg = imagecolorallocatealpha($tim,0xFF,0xFF,0xFF,127); imagefill($tim, 0, 0, $bg); imagecolortransparent($tim, $bg); // centre the image in the 150 pixel square $dx = (THUMBSIZE - $w) / 2; $dy = (THUMBSIZE - $h) / 2; imagecopyresized($tim, $im, $dx, $dy, 0, 0, $w, $h, $sz[0], $sz[1]); imagesavealpha($tim, true); $out($tim, THUMBDIR.$fn); imagedestroy($im); imagedestroy($tim); $output .= "<img src='".THUMBDIR."$fn' alt='$fn'>\n"; } ?> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <meta http-equiv="content-language" content="en"> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"> <title>Create Thumbnails</title> <meta name="author" content="Barry Andrew"> <meta name="creation-date" content="10/09/2019"> <style type="text/css"> body { font-family: verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; } header { background-color: black; color: white; padding: 15px 10px;} img { margin: 5px; } </style> </head> <body> <header> <h1>New Thumbnail Images</h1> </header> <?=$output?> </body> </html>
  32. 2 points
    This example uses glob() to get all .png and .jpg in a folder. By default, the folder is assumed to be named "images" and is a subdirectory of the folder containing the script. Images are displayed as thumbnails, 5 in each row with 25 per page. <?php session_start(); const IMGDIR = 'images/'; const PERPAGE = 25; $page = $_GET['page'] ?? 1; $imgdir = $_GET['dir'] ?? IMGDIR; if (!isset($_SESSION['imgdir']) || $_SESSION['imgdir'] != $imgdir) { unset($_SESSION['images']); $_SESSION['imgdir'] = $imgdir; $page = 1; } if (!isset($_SESSION['images'])) { $_SESSION['images'] = glob($imgdir.'{*.png,*.jpg}', GLOB_BRACE); // get .jpg and .png images } $total = count($_SESSION['images']); /** ************************************************************************************** * display paginated images from SESSION['images] * * @param int $page * @param int $perpage */ function displayImages($page, $perpage) { $start = ($page - 1) * $perpage; $ilist = array_slice($_SESSION['images'], $start, $perpage); foreach ($ilist as $i) { $n = trim(basename($i)); list($iw, $ih,, $sz) = getimagesize($i); if ($iw >= $ih) { // landscape $w = 150; $h = 150 * $ih/$iw; } else { // portrait $h = 150; $w = 150 * $iw/$ih; } $alt = substr($n, 0, 15); echo " <div class='image'> <img src='$i' height='$h' width = '$w' alt='$alt'> </div> "; } echo "<div style='clear:both'></div>"; } /** ************************************************************************************ * function to output page selection buttons * * @param int $total total records * @param int $page current page number * @return string selection buttons html */ function page_selector($total, $page) { if ($total==0) { return ''; } $kPages = ceil($total/PERPAGE); $filler = '&nbsp;&middot;&nbsp;&middot;&nbsp;&middot;&nbsp;'; $lim1 = max(1, $page-2); $lim2 = min($kPages, $page+3); $p = $page==1 ? 1 : $page - 1; $n = $page== $kPages ? $kPages : $page + 1;; $out = "$kPages page" . ($kPages==1 ? '' : 's') . " &emsp;"; if ($kPages==1) { return $out; } $out .= ($page > 1) ? "<div class='pagipage' data-pn='$p'>Prev</div>&ensp;" : "<div class='pagipage x' data-pn='$p' disabled>Prev</div>&ensp;"; if ($page > 4) { $out .= "<div class='pagipage' data-pn='1'>1</div> $filler"; } elseif ($page==4) { $out .= "<div class='pagipage' data-pn='1'>1</div>"; } for ($i=$lim1; $i<=$lim2; $i++) { if ($page==$i) $out .= "<div class='pagicurrent'>$i</div>"; else $out .= "<div class='pagipage' data-pn='$i'>$i</div>"; } if ($page < $kPages-3) { $out .= "$filler <div class='pagipage' data-pn='$kPages'>$kPages</div>"; } $out .= $page < $kPages ? "&ensp;<div class='pagipage' data-pn='$n'>Next</div>" : "&ensp;<div class='pagipage x' data-pn='$n' disabled>Next</div>"; return $out; } ?> <!DOCTYPE html> <html> <head> <meta http-equiv="content-language" content="en"> <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=utf-8"> <meta name="author" content="B A Andrew"> <meta name="creation-date" content="11/29/2019"> <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.3.1/jquery.min.js"></script> <title>Example</title> <script type="text/javascript"> $().ready( function() { $(".pagipage").click( function() { $("#page").val( $(this).data("pn") ) $("#form1").submit() }) }) </script> <style type="text/css"> body { font-family: verdana, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt; } label { display: inline-block; width: 150px; font-weight: 600; } #image_wrapper { margin: 30px; } .image { width: 18%; min-height: 200px; margin: 10px; float: left; text-align: center; padding: auto;} /* pagination styles */ .pagipage { display: inline; width: 25px; height: 15px; padding: 3px 5px; text-align: center; font-size: 9pt; border: 1px solid #BB9A21 ; color: #BB9A21; background-color: #FFF; cursor: pointer; margin-left: -1px; } .pagipage.x { background-color: #CCC;} .pagipage:hover { background-color: #BB9A21; border-color: #F0F; color: white; } .pagicurrent { display: inline; width: 25px; height: 15px; text-align: center; font-size: 9pt; font-weight: 600; border: 1px solid #BB9A21; background-color: #BB9A21; color: white; padding: 3px 5px; } .paginate_panel { text-align: center; margin: 20px 0; width: 100%; color: #BB9A21; } </style> </head> <body> <header> <h1>Example Image List</h1> </header> <form id="form1"> <fieldset> <label>Image Folder</label> <input type="text" name="dir" value="<?=$imgdir?>" size="80"> <input type="hidden" name="page" id="page" value="<?=$page?>"> <br> <label>&nbsp;</label> <input type="submit" name="btnSubmit" value="Submit"> </fieldset> </form> <div class='paginate_panel'> <?=page_selector($total, $page, PERPAGE)?> </div> <div id="image_wrapper"> <?=displayImages($page, PERPAGE)?> </div> <div class='paginate_panel'> <?=page_selector($total, $page, PERPAGE)?> </div> </body> </html>
  33. 2 points
    Yes but you don't want to run both at the same time. If you really wanted to, you would need to change the Apache port on one of them as they both use port 80
  34. 2 points
    Hi, This is a probably a wrong way of inserting new email into the DB and can result in race conditions. You should be inserting the new email directly into the DB and your column for ermail ids should be unique so that it throws an exception for duplicate entries.
  35. 1 point
    That is silly. Unless there is something important that you haven't described, there is absolutely no reason whatsoever to use Javascript to disable an element (no less to disable it using a mouseover event) when you could be using your PHP to output a textbox that is already disabled. You know that you can mark a textbox as disabled within its HTML. You know how to check a condition in PHP. I don't understand where the difficulty is in combining those two together to get a disabled textbox when some variable has some value.
  36. 1 point
    I don't see where that variable is set anywhere.
  37. 1 point
    Perhaps you would like to be so much like an AI bot it's funny. me made your day?
  38. 1 point
    $res = $db->query("SELECT name , timestampdiff(MONTH, doj, curdate()) as sen , timestampdiff(YEAR, dob, curdate()) as age FROM MEMBER ORDER BY sen DESC, age DESC "); $members = $res->fetchAll(); $titles = ['Leader', 'Assistant', 'Member 1', 'Member 2', 'Member 3', 'Member 4', 'Member 5', 'Member 6', 'Member 7', 'Member 8']; I originally set out on the round-robin route to allocate the members to teams ... $teams = []; $t = 0; foreach ($members as $r) { $teams[$t%6][] = $r; $t++; } ... but the problem with this method is it's bias. Team 1 gets the most experienced Leader and Team 6 gets the least experienced. On the next cycle, Team 1 gets the most experienced Assistant and Team 6 again gets the least, and so on for all levels. Therefore I'd recommend an approach which gets the players for each level then shakes the bags before allocating to teams $ranks = array_chunk($members, 6); // get a chunk of 6 members for each rank $tdata = ''; foreach ($ranks as $r => $rmembers) { shuffle($rmembers); // shake the bag - random allocation to teams $tdata .= "<tr><td class='rank'>{$titles[$r]}</td>"; foreach ($rmembers as $m) { $tdata .= "<td>{$m['name']} <span class='years'>({$m['sen']}/{$m['age']})</span></td>"; } $tdata .= "</tr>\n"; }
  39. 1 point
    DATA +----------+----------+-------+ | entry_id | field_id | value | +----------+----------+-------+ | 1 | 5 | Curly | | 1 | 13 | bbb | | 1 | 16 | ccc | | 1 | 18 | ddd | | 2 | 5 | Larry | | 2 | 13 | eee | | 2 | 16 | fff | | 2 | 18 | ggg | | 2 | 43 | hhh | | 3 | 5 | Mo | | 3 | 13 | kkk | | 3 | 16 | mmm | | 3 | 18 | nnn | | 3 | 43 | ooo | | 4 | 5 | Tom | | 4 | 13 | ppp | | 4 | 16 | qqq | | 4 | 18 | rrr | | 4 | 43 | sss | +----------+----------+-------+ CODE $res = $conn->query("SELECT entry_id , field_id , value FROM wp_wpforms_entry_fields WHERE field_id IN (5, 13, 16, 18) ORDER BY entry_id "); $headings = [ 5 => 'Name' , 16 => 'Belt' , 13 => 'School', 18 => 'Events' ]; $temp_array = array_fill_keys(array_keys($headings), ''); // array for each attendee to be filled in from query results // process query results and place in array with attendee as the key $data = []; foreach ($res as $r) { if ( !isset($data[$r['entry_id']])) { $data[$r['entry_id']] = $temp_array ; } $data[$r['entry_id']][$r['field_id']] = $r['value'] ; // store answer in its array position } $theads = "<tr><th>" . join('</th><th>', $headings) . "</th></tr>\n" ; $tdata = ''; foreach ($data as $d) { $tdata .= "<tr><td>" . join('</td><td>', $d) . "</td></tr>\n"; } OUTPUT
  40. 1 point
    You need to set your timezone. It obviously is already incorrect. https://www.php.net/manual/en/function.date-default-timezone-set.php You will have to look up the correct name for your location
  41. 1 point
    A "Key" is not a constraint. There are 2 types of keys. "Primary Key" or "Foreign Key". In a table the Primary key is one or more columns in combination, that can be used to uniquely identify a single row in the table. A "Foreign Key" is the "Primary Key" of another table, that establishes a relationship to a single row in the Foreign table. Constraints are restrictions to the overall "Domain" of acceptable values allowed in a particular column. For example, you could have a constraint defined for a "gender" varchar that allows ("male", "female", "unspecified") only. In practice there are inherent constraints for primary and foreign keys. For a primary key, a "Unique" constraint is assumed, as no 2 rows in a table can have the same primary key. For a foreign key, there is an implied "referential integrity constraint" that enforces the rule that any value for the foreign key column (or set of columns) must have a corresponding Primary key in the foreign table. The association of these implied constraints is typically referred to as "Declarative referential integrity" in that when you specify the primary and foreign keys, the constraints are created automatically. With MySQL referential integrity requires a supported engine, typically InnoDB. Pluggable (optional) engines are one of the things that sets MySQL apart from the other major RDBMS. Indexes provide performance for relational joins and searching In practice, all RDBMS use indexes for performance AND some constraints. For example, when you define a key, an associated Index is automatically created for you. This is true of all the major RDBMS, so MySQL is not different from Oracle, Sybase etc. You certainly can index a column or set of columns without that index being associated with another table as a foreign key. So in that way, I agree that Keys and Indexes are not the same thing, so long as you understand that if you define a key an Index is being created. The RDBMS is inherently going to use the key indexes it creates in numerous ways, for performance, constraints and primary key uniqueness. The authority for this terminology is E.F. "Ted" Codd, who was the IBM research fellow that invented the Relational Model for databases, rules of database normalization, SQL etc., upon which all RDBMS are based.
  42. 1 point
    There are a few reasons you might want to know the name (index hints, changing the index, etc), but all are fairly rare so it's not really important that you name them explicitly. If you need the name, you could always look it up later. I tend to name my indexes and constraints just to be explicit. I use the format IX_table_name_column_name to keep things simple.
  43. 1 point
    It depends - can people have more than one occupation and/or title in your system? If so, create a couple junction tables for that data. Other than that I'd consider splitting name into first and last just to make searching easier, but the rest looks fine.
  44. 1 point
    Hey Saranac, You seem to be conflating a "transaction" which is a database specific term, with a single page application (SPA) or combined form. What you do serverside with that form is up to you. Ease of use, credit card/payment processing and the dangers and cost of fraud are a complicated witches brew of risk/reward calculations. First of all, I don't know what you know or don't know about payment processing, but just because you got a cc authorization doesn't mean you will ever get paid. Worse yet, you could get a chargeback, and if you have enough chargebacks, you might end up having your merchant account closed. Again, maybe you know this or you don't. I don't know what your content is, or whether or not there will be a high amount of fraudulent activity, but every online business has some. So, as to transactions, and to "best practices" for selling digital goods or memberships, these topics are unrelated. At its simplest, a Member in your system, as you stated yourself, is not equivalent to a membership package. Membership packages also have one or more related "entitlements". So no doubt you have a package described in the database somewhere, and when someone successfully subscribes to a package for a year, one would expect a database structure like this: package ---< member_package >-- member where member_package is a table that stores "member_id", "package_id", "from_date", "to_date". What are strategies for dealing with the system. Well one, would be to have the culmination of a successful payment process be the setting of the "from_date" and "to_date". Another strategy might be to also utilize a "status" column with mutually exclusive states like: pending payment active suspended for fraud expired In that case you create the row, and can then use "active" status to drive access (along with from/to). Regardless of the form you use, there is no benefit to wrapping the creation of a member row with the transaction processing. If a member fills out all their details and has payment processing issues, it behooves you to create the membership row and put them into "pending payment" state. This way you can see how many people had issues with payment processing at any particular period of time. That way you can reach out to people who for whatever reason drop out of the payment process. You have contact info to market to them, or entice them with discounts. And there is always the situation where your payment processor was rejecting everything and these are customers you have 100% lost forever without some record that they tried to subscribe. DB transactions are important from a mechanical standpoint and I highly recommend using them, but you can have multiple transactions in your processing ie (membership account + address) THEN (payment processing & activation) and these can be handled separately in your code. Once you have some identity information, it's valuable to continue to carry this along in your session rather than stubbornly demand that the behavior of your system should conform to your ideal "happy path" scenario where a user puts in all their identity information for their membership perfectly, and at the same time gets the payment information entered perfectly and receives authorization. A "member" row, should be decoupled from membership (which you already stated you understand and agree with) which should be decoupled from subscription(s) which should be decoupled from payment processing details.
  45. 1 point
    One more attempt. Here's a script which puts the hints I gave you into practice. As you can see, it splits the ordered items into separate order depending on the SKU group SAMPLE: Code (read, understand what's going on and learn. Refer to php.net manual if you don't know what something does.) (Not an elseif()..elseif() to be found!) <?php const HOST = 'localhost'; # const USERNAME = '????'; # const PASSWORD = '????'; # const DATABASE = '????'; # These lines would # function pdoConnect($dbname=DATABASE) # normally be in { # $db = new PDO("mysql:host=".HOST.";dbname=$dbname;charset=utf8",USERNAME,PASSWORD); # an included file $db->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE, PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION); # $db->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR_DEFAULT_FETCH_MODE, PDO::FETCH_ASSOC); # $db->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR_EMULATE_PREPARES, false); # return $db; # } # $pdo = pdoConnect(); // // CREATE TEST DATA USED BY THIS EXAMPLE // $pdo->exec("CREATE TABLE IF NOT EXISTS aveeva ( id int not null auto_increment primary key, order_no int, sku int, product varchar(50), qty int ) "); $pdo->exec("REPLACE INTO aveeva (id, order_no, sku, product, qty) VALUES (1,1020345, 12345, 'Pair of left-footed socks', 2), (2,1020345, 35547, 'Square Hula hoop', 1), (3,1020345, 12346, 'Pair of right-footed socks', 2), (4,1020345, 62347, 'Pair of three-legged tights', 5), (5,1020345, 45501, 'String vest', 1), (6,1020345, 45501, 'Thermal long johns (red)', 2), (7,1020345, 22105, 'Staffordshire pot dog', 2), (8,1020345, 38962, '250 Kg dumbell set', 1), (9,1020345, 23176, 'Ming vase', 1), (10,1020345, 23194, 'Porcelain elephant', 1), (11,1020345, 38547, '0.5 metre yoga mat', 1) "); // DUMMY CLASS TO PROVIDE THE METHODS YOU USED class Magee { private $fromName; private $body; private $subject; private $type; private $sendTo; public function __construct() { } public function setFromName($str) { $this->fromName = $str; } public function setBody($str) { $this->body = $str; } public function setSubject($str) { $this->subject = $str; } public function setType($str) { $this->type = $str; } public function setToEmail($str) { $this->sendTo = $str; } public function send() { // // Instead of sending emails // we just build content // for demonstration output // $out = "<fieldset><legend>TO: {$this->sendTo}</legend> <label>From</label>{$this->fromName}<br> <label>Subject</label>{$this->subject}<br> {$this->body}<br> "; $out .= "</fieldset>"; return $out; } } #Magee // define email addresses for the sku groups const DEFAULT_ADDY = 'other@gmail.com'; $addys = [ 2 => 'abc@gmail.com', 3 => 'xyz@gmail.com', 4 => 'qwe@gmail.com' ]; $res = $pdo->query("SELECT sku , product , qty , order_no FROM aveeva ORDER BY order_no, sku "); $orders = []; // // Split the items for each order // into groups depending the first // digit of their SKU // foreach ($res as $r) { $ono = array_pop($r); $sku1 = substr($r['sku'], 0, 1); if (!isset($addys[$sku1])) { $sku1 = 0; } $orders[$ono][$sku1][] = $r; } // // Build the email bodies from the array data // $emailsSent = ''; foreach ($orders as $ono => $odata) { foreach ($odata as $sku1 => $sdata) { $message = "<table border='1'> <caption>Order No: $ono</caption> <tr><th>SKU</th><th>Product</th><th>Quantity</th></tr>\n"; foreach ($sdata as $item) { $message .= "<tr><td>" . join("</td><td>", $item) . "</td></tr>\n"; } $message .= "</table>\n"; $emailsSent .= sendMailbasedOnSku($message, $addys, $sku1); } } function sendMailbasedOnSku($message, $addys, $sku1) { $emailTemplate = new Magee; $emailTemplate->setFromName('GIRI Test mail'); $emailTemplate->setBody($message); $emailTemplate->setSubject("Custom Email from observer"); $emailTemplate->setType('html'); // GET THE APPROPRIATE EMAIL ADDRESS $sendTo = $addys[$sku1] ?? DEFAULT_ADDY; // USE IT $emailTemplate->setToEmail($sendTo); return $emailTemplate->send(); } ?> <html> <head> <title>Example</title> <style type='text/css'> body { font-family: clibri, sans-serif; font-size: 11pt;} fieldset { width: 70%; margin: 16px auto; padding: 16px;} legend { background-color: black; color: white; padding: 4px;} label { display: inline-block; width: 120px; font-weight: 600;} table { width: 50%; margin: 16px auto; border-collapse: collapse;} th { background-color: black; color: white; padding: 8px;} td { padding: 4px 8px;} </style> </head> <body> <?=$emailsSent?> </body> </html>
  46. 1 point
    There's no context around the code you've posted, but there appear to be a couple issues. First and foremost, you're using get_currentuserinfo() , which is deprecated in favor of wp_get_current_user(). Even beyond that, you're requesting the data of the currently logged in user, which is you. So actually your code is doing exactly what you've asked it to do. Another issue is that you're calling get_currentuserinfo() multiple times - if all this code is in the same template you don't need to do that. Give some context to what you're trying to do with this code. If you're in the WordPress loop, use the information about the current post.
  47. 1 point
    becomes... $sql_2_2 = "UPDATE analytics SET visitor_visitor_sessions = ?, visitor_visitor_pageviews = ?, visitor_visitor_pages = ? WHERE visitor_visitor_id = ? "; $stmt = $this->db->prepare($sql_2_2); $stmt->execute( [ $analytics['visitor_visitor_sessions'], $analytics['visitor_visitor_pageviews'], $analytics['visitor_visitor_pages'], $visitor_visitor_id ]);
  48. 1 point
    This tells me you have an actual directory named 2019-holiday-party inside your gallery folder. When I created a similar directory on my end then I get results similar to yours. The problem is mod_dir which in addition to handling DirectoryIndex files, I'm not sure exactly how it's interacting with your mod_rewrite rules, but it appears as though it's triggers based on the original request url instead of the re-written URL. When it issues the redirect however it still picks up the query-string that was added to the re-written URL. This trailing slash behavior can be disabled by setting DirectorySlash Off in your configuration. That should resolve the problem, though I'm not sure it's a good solution. Another solution would be to make sure your pretty URL's don't map to an actual directory on the server.
  49. 1 point
    Put it into a hidden input with the rest of the form that I assume you're using. And you think that Javascript is? Spoiler: it isn't.
  50. 1 point
    Binding is useful when you want to process records in a loop. Bind the variables first then, in the loop, update the values and execute. EG $data = [ [ 1, 'Curly'], [ 2, 'Larry'], [ 3, 'Mo'] ]; $stmt = $db->prepare("INSERT INTO testuser (id, username) VALUES (:id, :user)"); $stmt->bindParam(':id', $id, PDO::PARAM_INT); $stmt->bindParam(':user', $username, PDO::PARAM_STR); foreach ($data as $user) { list($id, $username) = $user; $stmt->execute(); } EDIT: But, with PDO, there is the alternative that I used before EG $data = [ [ 1, 'Curly'], [ 2, 'Larry'], [ 3, 'Mo'] ]; $stmt = $db->prepare("INSERT INTO testuser (id, username) VALUES (?, ?)"); foreach ($data as $user) { $stmt->execute($user); } where the values are passed as an array when executing.
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